In celebration of the achievements of Black Americans and their integral role in our nation’s history, here are eight Black wealth builders we believe should be remembered. These individuals deserve recognition for their contributions to America's financial and socioeconomic progress.
Richard Allen & Absalom Jones
Born into slavery and later earning their freedom, Richard Allen and Absalom Jones founded the Free African Society in 1787. The formation of this organization came soon after Allen and Jones, both Methodists, experienced racism in the church-by-church leaders.
The Free African Society was founded by Allen, Jones, and other Black community leaders without religious affiliation - as many founding members came from varying religious backgrounds. The goal of the Society was to “provide aid to newly freed Blacks so that they could gather strength and develop leaders in the community.”1
Blanche Kelso Bruce
Born in 1841, Blanche Kelso Bruce was the first Black Senator to be elected to a full term (and the second to serve in the U.S. Senate). During his time in Senate, Bruce advocated for Black Southerners, focusing his efforts closely on Black war veterans.2
Before entering politics, Bruce organized Missouri’s first school for Black children, established in 1864. By the late 1870s, Bruce had built a substantial amount of wealth, which allowed him to invest in land and become a prosperous landowner.2
Madam C.J. Walker
Madam C.J. Walker was an inventor, entrepreneur, and activist. Walker was the first American woman to become a self-made millionaire among her accomplishments.3
Walker invented several hair products designed for Black women and men after experiencing hair loss of her own in the late 1890s. She and her husband grew their business by traveling around the country, demonstrating her “Walker” method for hair care.3
Maggie Walker, the daughter of an enslaved person, became the first Black woman to charter and serve as president of a bank. St. Luke Penny Savings Bank opened in 1903 in Richmond, VA, with the vision to offer a safe space for Black community members to “keep money in their community and become financially empowered.”4
Throughout her lifetime, Walker was a civil rights activist devoted to the economic empowerment and advancement of Black men and women in the early 1900s.
Joseph L. Searles III
In 1970, Joseph L. Searles III became the first Black floor member and floor broker of the New York Stock Exchange. Throughout his expansive career in finance and politics, Searles focused his efforts on urban retailing and revitalization.5
In addition to his career in finance, Searles played professional football for the New York Giants in the 1960s.5
Reginald F. Lewis
Reginald F. Lewis was the first Black person in America to own a billion-dollar company, TLC Beatrice International. Throughout his career in the mid-to-late- 1900s, Lewis was a successful businessman and investor.
Lewis garnered a $985 million purchasing deal of Beatrice Foods, which (at the time) became the largest leveraged buyout of international assets by an American-based business.6
Robert L. Johnson
Robert L. Johnson co-founded the popular cable network Black Entertainment Television (BET). In addition, he has spent his life as an entrepreneur, philanthropist, and investor. Johnson’s cable network was the first Black-owned company listed on the NYSE in 1991.7
Viacom purchased BET in 2001, making Johnson both the first Black billionaire in America and the wealthiest Black person (at the time).7
As we celebrate these impactful individuals, take some time to learn about the socioeconomic and philanthropic contributions Black wealth-builders like those shared above have made in recent history.
1. HSP.org, March 2022
Celebrating Black Wealth Builders Throughout History
February 24, 2023